JSON5

JSON for Humans

View the Project on GitHub json5/json5

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The JSON5 Data Interchange Format (JSON5) is a superset of JSON that aims to alleviate some of the limitations of JSON by expanding its syntax to include some productions from ECMAScript 5.1.

This JavaScript library is the official reference implementation for JSON5 parsing and serialization libraries.

Summary of Features

The following ECMAScript 5.1 features, which are not supported in JSON, have been extended to JSON5.

Objects

Arrays

Strings

Numbers

Comments

White Space

Short Example

{
  // comments
  unquoted: 'and you can quote me on that',
  singleQuotes: 'I can use "double quotes" here',
  lineBreaks: "Look, Mom! \
No \\n's!",
  hexadecimal: 0xdecaf,
  leadingDecimalPoint: .8675309, andTrailing: 8675309.,
  positiveSign: +1,
  trailingComma: 'in objects', andIn: ['arrays',],
  "backwardsCompatible": "with JSON",
}

Specification

For a detailed explanation of the JSON5 format, please read the official specification.

Installation

Node.js

npm install json5
const JSON5 = require('json5')

Browsers

<script src="https://unpkg.com/[email protected]^1.0.0"></script>

This will create a global JSON5 variable.

API

The JSON5 API is compatible with the JSON API.

JSON5.parse()

Parses a JSON5 string, constructing the JavaScript value or object described by the string. An optional reviver function can be provided to perform a transformation on the resulting object before it is returned.

Syntax

JSON5.parse(text[, reviver])

Parameters

Return value

The object corresponding to the given JSON5 text.

JSON5.stringify()

Converts a JavaScript value to a JSON5 string, optionally replacing values if a replacer function is specified, or optionally including only the specified properties if a replacer array is specified.

Syntax

JSON5.stringify(value[, replacer[, space]])
JSON5.stringify(value[, options])

Parameters

Return value

A JSON5 string representing the value.

Node.js require() JSON5 files

When using Node.js, you can require() JSON5 files by adding the following statement.

require('json5/lib/register')

Then you can load a JSON5 file with a Node.js require() statement. For example:

const config = require('./config.json5')

CLI

Since JSON is more widely used than JSON5, this package includes a CLI for converting JSON5 to JSON and for validating the syntax of JSON5 documents.

Installation

npm install --global json5

Usage

json5 [options] <file>

If <file> is not provided, then STDIN is used.

Options:

Contibuting

Development

git clone https://github.com/json5/json5
cd json5
npm install

When contributing code, please write relevant tests and run npm test and npm run lint before submitting pull requests. Please use an editor that supports EditorConfig.

Issues

To report bugs or request features regarding the JSON5 data format, please submit an issue to the official specification repository.

To report bugs or request features regarding the JavaScript implentation of JSON5, please submit an issue to this repository.

License

MIT. See LICENSE.md for details.

Credits

Assem Kishore founded this project.

Michael Bolin independently arrived at and published some of these same ideas with awesome explanations and detail. Recommended reading: Suggested Improvements to JSON

Douglas Crockford of course designed and built JSON, but his state machine diagrams on the JSON website, as cheesy as it may sound, gave us motivation and confidence that building a new parser to implement these ideas was within reach! The original implementation of JSON5 was also modeled directly off of Doug’s open-source json_parse.js parser. We’re grateful for that clean and well-documented code.

Max Nanasy has been an early and prolific supporter, contributing multiple patches and ideas.

Andrew Eisenberg contributed the original stringify method.

Jordan Tucker has aligned JSON5 more closely with ES5, wrote the official JSON5 specification, completely rewrote the codebase from the ground up, and is actively maintaining this project.